Field and river

20th International Conference of Ethiopian Studies (ICES20)
Mekelle University, Ethiopia

"Regional and Global Ethiopia - Interconnections and Identities"
1-5 October, 2018

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DAWIT Gorems, Mekelle University, Ethiopia

One of the primary requirements of human beings is to have a shelter in order to shield from natural and social phenomena. The problem of housing is a worldwide phenomenon and it is more severe in less developing than developed countries. This study has examined the provision of public housing, current housing condition of applicants, affects of the existing housing conditions i.e., public houses on quality of life (social and health) of resident. In connection with this, the study has investigated the demand for adequate housing and government response to meet that demand.Both descriptive and explanatory research designs were employed for this study. They are suitable to describe and explain the degree and nature of the housing problem, provision of affordable public housing and social and health impacts encountered by residents in the study area. Both qualitative and quantitative research approaches were used to collect data. Primary data were collected from the study area using survey, structured and semi structured interviews Secondary data was collected through extensive survey of theoretical and empirical literature from documents and reports of different governmental institutions. Both quantitative and qualitative techniques are used to analyse the data collected. Critical housing shortages, depletion of quality and overcrowding are the significant problems which characterise Addis Ababa. Housing project which is formulated by government and intended for the poorer sections of Addis Ababa city is becoming less affordable due to several reasons particularly- prepayment system becoming very expensive;payable monthly amount becoming high. Most importantly, total price of condominium housing is very expensive and is expecting to increase further. Therefore, the study reveals that the housing program is a burden for lower income residents of Addis Ababa.