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[PANEL] 0517 GENERAL PANEL "DISCUSSIONS ON ANCIENT HISTORY: THE AKSUMITE PERIOD"
YOHANNES Gebreselassie, University of Paris, Panthéon Sorbonne, France
Jürgen KLEIN; FISSEHA Hailu
DIPLOMACY IN AXUM IN 615: HOW IT SHAPED GLOBAL CONCEPTS OF CHRISTIAN-MUSLIM RELATIONS [Abstract ID: 0517-02]
In 615, the encounter between the Axumite King with some of the first followers of the Prophet Muhammad, who according to some traditions found asylum in Axum after they fled from the persecution they suffered in Mecca, marked the start of Christian-Muslim Relations in Africa. This symbolic event created Islamic, Christian, Arab, Ethiopian and African traditions that are discussed highly controversially up until today, and shaped various imaginations of Christian-Muslim Relations worldwide. The diplomatic way of balancing various interests is a concrete expression of intercultural and interreligious relations between Arab and African actors. The strength of this concept includes the ability to think in relative terms concerning differences, for the sake of common interests. It further shows how political and theological ideas have contributed to this process. These and other findings will be presented as result of a critical historical analysis of the available sources that described the event. The presentation traces interpretations of the event in 615 up until present times and shows how it shaped national, transnational and global understandings of Christian-Muslim Relations.
THE TREATMENT OF WAR PRISONERS IN AXUMITE ERA: THE CASE OF KING EZANA [Abstract ID: 0517-03]
As one of the centers of ancient world civilizations, Axum is rich in ancient sources such as stone inscriptions, parchments, archaeological facts. Inscriptions play an irreplaceable role in the study of history, linguistics, religion, state formation, culture and other human institutions by providing authentic information about the human past. However, these ancient sources are poorly studied or get little attention from researchers. With this in mind, this paper examines one of King Ezana’s inscriptions which talks about war prisoners and looted properties during his expedition to Baga, a place probably located in Northern Sudan. This study attempts to evaluate the following issues: war prisoners in ancient Axum, humanity in how it relates to the treatment of war prisoners, King Ezana’s outlook towards the prisoners of war, provisions given to the prisoners of war, and participants in the movement of war prisoners. The objective of the study is to scrutinize how King Ezana treated war prisoners in the journey to Baga. Document analysis of each of the 20 lines, read right to left, was used to analyze and interpret critically the text. The language of the inscription is Ge’ez, but it is written in Sebaean script. In other words, although the script is Sabaean, the content of the inscription is Ge’ez. In addition, the paper attempts to understand the treatment of war prisoners in ancient Rome, Persia and China as these ancient countries were comparable to Axum as contemporary world powers. Finally, the paper recommends that studying ancient inscriptions provide invaluable evidence that can help fill in gaps in knowledge of social and political development of an area.