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JESUIT ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGES IN WEST GOJJAM, ETHIOPIA. [Abstract ID: 1213-03]
West Gojjam is home to several ancient monuments that preceed the Ecclesiastical and secular Gondarine periods. This architectural heritage has never previously been studied in depth nor documented and monuments have not been well conserved. Today many of the monuments are in ruins, deteriorating fast and at a rate that could mean they will be lost before their significance is assessed and documented. The purpose of this qualitative study is to provide a record, systematic description and analysis of the historical and cultural monuments and artefacts in their local context. Eight sites, which include the structural remains of pre-Gondarine residences, a church, and a bridge, were studied. The information came from research, oral tradition, observations and recording of the physical fabric . The analysis provides understanding of site selection and distribution, architectural features, construction materials, site use and structural alterations. These monuments have aesthetic, historical, scientific, communal and economic value, but have deteriorated severely due to human and natural causes. Therefore, appropriate conservation measures backed by further scientific studies are necessary to protect the above-mentioned heritage value.