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MASCULINITY, ADULTHOOD AND NEOLIBERALISM: FACTORS FOR ETHIOPIAN YOUNG MEN’S WILL TO MIGRATE. [Abstract ID: 1002-13]
This paper is based on research carried out in the city of Mekelle, capital of the Federal Region of Tigray, and deals with the situation of urban youth, unemployment, neoliberalism and international migration. In recent years, migration from Ethiopia has largely increased despite the fact that the economy of the country has been growing. I wish to show that youth migration happens despite economic growth. The two elements are related. One of the main reasons behind the migration of young men is still unemployment, but, as emerged from many scholars citing examples from all over Africa, migration largely involves educated young men who try to improve their economic situation quickly, according to the myth of rapid growth subscribed to by neoliberalism. The paper will try to shed light on the motivations and the beliefs that drive young men to emigrate and the ambitions they want to achieve.