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LIVING CONDITION OF FEMALE TRANSIT MIGRANTS IN ETHIOPIA BASED IN THE CITY OF DIRE DAWA. [Abstract ID: 1001-01]
Today many Ethiopian women leave their country in search for better conditions of life through jobs. This study explores the female migrant living conditions and the main challenges facing them while they are in the transit city of Dire Dawa. A number of female migrants experience serious human rights abuses including physical, psychological and sexual abuse. Because of the length of the journey could take months, even years, and most use illegal routes and illegal brokers, they go through various forms of human rights violations including harassment, threats to themselves and families, trafficking in forced labor, economic and sexual exploitation, and other forms of abuse in the transit city. While the city of Dire Dawa is a suitable place for migrants to go to their intended destination, they stayed for months and years. The hardship and abuse begins mostly while they are waiting their date to leave. Transit migrants, especially those in an irregular situation, lack legal protection from the transit city. Thus the living condition of transit female migrants is a serious issue that needs further policy assessment in order to guarantee the social and economic rights during their stays in the transit city.