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CONTEMPORARY PRACTICES OF CUSTOMARY CONFLICT RESOLUTION MECHANISM: THE ROLES OF BOKKUU (CULTURAL) CENTERS AMONG MACHAA OROMO [Abstract ID: 0703-24]
In contemporary times, customary conflict resolution mechanisms are playing crucial role in keeping the balance of peace among different competing groups in the society. These mechanisms are many in number and vary from place to place. Among the many, the present study focused on the role of Bokkuu; Oromo cultural centers in conflict resolution. Currently, this system is playing a significant role in solving conflicts and bringing harmony among the community. The study is conducted in western Shawa, Ambo district, Ethiopia. In specific, the data for this research is collected from three Bokkuu centers: namely Bokkuu Cittuu, Bokkuu Bakkee and Bokkuu Xulee by spotlighting on their practice of peace making and conflict resolution.The officials are capable to handle and solve any kind of disputes.The data of this study is collected through different qualitative data collection methods, such as interview, focused group discussions (FGDs) and observation. Abbaa Bokkuu (Bokkuu leaders) of all centres are considered as key informants and are interviewed. Client of Bokkuu centres, Sam’aloo (central council members) and local elders are also included in FGD. In this study, types of conflicts resolved at the centers, accusing steps, trail procedures and types of punishments are identified. And also, their contemporary practices are addressed including changes and continuities. In addition, the relationship between formal court and the customary centres in the area are also evaluated.According to the findings, a Bokkuu centre is one of preferred system in dispute settlement because of justified reasons which are mentioned in this work. Structurally, the centres have five higher officials including Abbaa Bokkuu (the leader of the centres).