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THE SECOND SPANISH REPUBLIC AND THE ITALIAN OCCUPATION OF ETHIOPIA: ANALYSING REACTIONS FROM THE SPANISH POLITICIANS AND MEDIA [Abstract ID: 0515-01]
The Second Spanish Republic was a turbulent period in Spanish history in which the bitter struggle between right and left forces ended in the disastrous Spanish Civil War. The position of Spanish society and the Republican Government towards the Second Italo-Ethiopian War has not previously been explored, mainly because most academics have focused on other aspects of this period. During the time of this conflict, a major Spanish intellectual, Eduardo Ortega y Gasset protested against the fascist aggression against Ethiopia. His book “El conflicto ítalo-etíope” will be analysed here. Many other members of the Spanish intelligentsia (Pío Baroja, Concha Espina, etc.) expressed their sympathy for the Abyssinian cause, but the Spanish Government, then ruled by a right-wing coalition, showed little interest in this war. The aim of this paper is to clarify the Spanish perspectives on the conflict, analysing the positions of the main intellectuals and politicians of the time and of the main newspapers. The notes, official declaration and other documents issued by the Government of the Republic regarding the conflict, with its position in the League of Nations, will also be analysed.