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AMHARA REGION POPULATION CHANGE: IMPLICATION TO DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND [Abstract ID: 0505-06]
Population is one of the most important variables of development. Matching a nation’s population with existing socio-economic development and environmental resource is also one of the priority areas of governments. A high population growth rate induces increased demand for resources and the rate at which these resources are exploited. In developing countries, the traditional resource-use practices have led to the near-destruction of the environment in lands long settled by sedentary agriculturalist. In this paper, population change of Amhara Region (size, growth rate, and age and sex structure) between 1994 and 2007 Censuses and the results of EDHS are discussed. With a total population of more than 19 million in 2012, Amhara is the second most populous regional state in Ethiopia. Over the last decade, family planning (FP) services and investments essential for improving the health of women and children have increased rapidly in the region, fostering economic benefits and maximizing gains in other development sectors. According to the Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS), in Amhara, women are now having 3.7 children on average, compared with a total fertility rate (TFR) of 5.9 more than a decade earlier. This shows that population growth will affect the Amhara region’s social and economic goals and strategies during the next three decades, but the rate of this demographic change will be influenced by current and future fertility trends.