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THE DYNAMICS OF INDIGENOUS MUSIC MAKING AND PERFORMANCE AMONG THE ETHNIC GROUPS IN SOUTH WEST ETHIOPIA: KAFFA, BENCH MAJI AND SHAKA ZONES [Abstract ID: 0208-05]
This paper discusses the music practice of the ethnic groups in Kaffa (Kafficho, Na’o and Chara), Bench-Maji (Bench, Surma, Dizi, Me’enet), and Shaka (Shakacho, Shako and Majang) Zones. It mainly focuses on the discussion of such thematic issues as the types of music instruments at each locality, the socio-cultural values of each music practice, music performances, challenges of traditional music practices, opportunities for conservation, societal awareness and attitude towards music practices. It specifically considers the socio-cultural values and performing places of music: work chants (during keeping cattle and crop; harvest; and plow), hunting chants, funeral procession chants, wedding chants, public holiday chants, accompanying rituals, and war chants. The role and impact of the government’s policy and institutions such as the Culture and Tourism Offices on the indigenous music practices, either in constructive or otherwise ways, has been also discussed. Finally, it attempts to opt in the colloquy centering the nature and trend of “Ethiopian Music”. It argues in favor of at least the existence of a peripheral treatment, if not marginalization, (in the literature and among the practitioners) of the music practices in these localities.