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ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEYS IN THE REGION OF YEHA AND HAWELTI/MELAZO [Abstract ID: 0102-14]
Since 2009 within a cooperation project of the ARCCH, the TCTB and the Sanaa Branch of the German Archaeological Institute, surveys were conducted in the region of Yeha and Hawelti/Melazo. Around the ancient settlement of Yeha, almost 25 sites of different periods have been recorded which can be differentiated into settlement areas, farmsteads, dwellings and other kinds of building structures such as dams. Moreover, areas with signs of human utilization such as a high amount of pottery or remains of crafts activities visible on the surface were included into the investigations. Around the stelae field in Hawelti and on the plateau of Melazo a survey was executed too, where often only pottery shards scattered on the ground or the findings of the inhabitants provide an indication of ancient settlement activities. Nevertheless, at least 20 areas bearing ancient relics were able to be observed ranging from the pre-Aksumite to the Aksumite periods. These sites will be presented with a proposed dating and context estimation.